Algebraic Geometry, Birational Geometry
Mori studies three-dimensional (3D) classification problems in a subfield known as birational classification theory of algebraic geometry. Algebraic geometry is a field in science that deals with shapes known as “algebraic varieties.” Such an algebraic variety can appear in many slightly different forms if it is of dimension 2 (2D) or higher. The differences between these forms may be understood as partial dents or sharp points similar to those that appear in a physical object when it is struck by another. “Birational classification” refers to an approach where we ignore these minor differences when categorizing algebraic varieties. We know that most surfaces can be simplified by eliminating dents and hollows to produce a surface known as a minimal model. This operation is known as the minimal model program (MMP).
For a long period of time, the generalization of the MMP to dimension three or higher was considered to be difficult; however, the introduction of extremal ray theory and application of general perspectives in  was a major trigger for the development of 3D MMP. Following this, MMP was developed, and it was discovered that in a broad sense, 3D birational classification theory is linked to the conjectural existence of an operation known as “flip.” Furthermore, in , by proving the existence of 3D flips, the problem of 3D MMP was resolved. Hence, the 3D birational classification theory was completed in a rough sense. Subsequently, with the contribution of many researchers, MMPs of dimension four or higher have been established in a practical form.
|1973||B.Sc., Faculty of Science, Kyoto University|
|1975||M.Sc., Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University|
|1975-1980||Assistant of Faculty of Science, Kyoto University|
|1980-1982||Lecturer of Faculty of Science, Nagoya University|
|1982-1987||Associate Professor of Faculty of Science, Nagoya University|
|1988-1990||Professor of Faculty of Science, Nagoya University|
|1990-2016||Professor of Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University|
|2011-2014||Director of Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University|
|2016-||Director-General and Distinguished Professor of KUIAS|
Inoue Prize for Science (1989), Frank Nelson Cole Prize (1990), Japan Academy Prize (1990), Fields Medal (1990), Person of Cultural Merit (1990), Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1992), Member of the Japan Academy (1998), Honorary Doctorate of University of Torino (2002), Fujihara Award (2004), University Professor of Nagoya University (2010), Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2016), Foreign Associate of US National Academy of Sciences (2017), Honorary Doctorate of University of Warwick (2017)